Looking For Job?

“Drop your CV

 I will put in some word for you with my friend”

Said Uncle A.

“If you will attend aunty Bola’s birthday party next month at Ijebu, I will introduce you to him so he can fix you up”.

Her husband works in Chevron”.
From another end
“There is an exhibition in Abeokuta, the commissioner of agric will be there. 

He is a friend to my brothers senior sisters uncle….
” Call me by next week I would have put in a word for you with my MD”
How many of this promise have they fulfilled?

How many CVs have you dropped?

How many unpicked phone calls.
The truth is that uncle who is promising you has a wife who have some relative
Same Uncle has some brothers and sisters….
This same man has some colleagues…..

And some old mates….

Who has some niece and cousin looking for job.
And every one has gotten one relative or the other looking for job.
A so called Uncle once duped me of my hard earned money (Recharge card money though small) all in the name of searching for job.
He is right here on my Facebook page claiming child of God
The evil that men do …..

Story for the gods like one of my friend will say.
Eyes don seeeee
You have been on the street for several years with the same certificates that is fast loosing value.
You see job vacancy with either
” Wanted fresh graduate with a 2.1 and not more than 26 years old.
Or 
” A graduate of Geology with not less than 5 years experience.
Off course we all know the requests are ridiculous considering that at 26 years some are just getting admitted for a 4 year course.
Not forgetting that even getting early admission is not a guarantee in our system that is characterised by incessant strike.
A 4 year courses is calculated as 4+x years.

Where X in the equation is indefinite
Ask Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Student for better explanation
“And imagining asking for 5 years experience from someone you had refused to employ because he surpass the expected age.
The situation seems hopeless.
And right here you jam the one that says 

” Attend 3 months intensive practical farm training at some ridiculous participating fee. 

And phewwwww

You have a farm manager job waiting for you with a farm accommodation.
You can even be assisted to start your own farm at the end of the training.
No CV verification

No Aunty’s Bola birthday serving girl

No lining up at Uncles house every day..
Some sane person would have jumped on the offer of getting their life back.
But not the white collar job seeking Nigerian graduate.
Then I wonder what exactly you are searching for on the street in the first place.
I have been opportune to train so many youth on agribusiness. What I have been preaching is start small and grow big.
I don’t believe in excuse.

Off course there is no money

Sure there is no land
But there is always a way where we think there is no way.
The last season on the farm see some of the participants picking sheanuts.
These they can either convert to sheabutter and sell or possibly sell as sheanuts.
Some made sheabutter while some are planning to sell theirs.
All what is required is to get to farm early in the morning for the picking.
Its usually on the first come first pick basis.

Its free for all
Same goes for locust bean.

You can pick as much as you want in the season.
And that’s what some participants do.

Some process theirs while others went away with it.

The picking is free.
So many opportunities abound in the village side.

They wouldn’t have known these if they had stayed back searching for job in the city.
I tells people hardly can you be in Ago Amodu and your orientation to farming and agribusiness in general will not change.
You have got a choice to make.

To either continue submitting CVs or take your destiny in your hand.
Nigeria is a land of oppourtunity

The Dilemma Of A Farmer

Daily dilemma…
Seems the hours are always on speed dials from the moment I opened my eyes at 5am and struggling to keep it close by 1 or 2 am.
And I still go to bed leaving plenty undone. 
 For days I have been trying to catch some chicken and egg thief on my farm.
Its annoying to feel intruded. For the years I have been on that farm, my things have always been intact.
Even when we bought a new generator. It stay safe on the farm. Things has always been safe until I start bringing in extra hands from the neighbouring village
 Though we have suspected the labourers are the one but the fear of having no one to do the work stop us from accusing them.
 I didn’t want to point fingers like I do when the former set of laborers stole our fuel. They stopped coming to work when I accused them.
Hmnnnn. The dilemma of a farmer.

You are always at the labourers mercy because you are left with no alternative.
 So you keep pampering them to do your work while they keep stealing you dry.
Crazy system.

So I find myself at the neighbouring village close to my farm where the labourers (mainly from Benin and Togo) do reside. 
I reported to the village head of how eggs and the chickens has been disappearing  with a warning that I am using the African security system.
” We will call a community meeting to announce. 

The village head assured me.
African Security system in most cases are instant punishment and hardly reversible. 
Yeah.
Whoever steal from the farm may have his leg swollen or whatever has been put out there. 
It can not be reversed until he confessed of where he has stolen from. 
Yet at that, the leg might still get amputated depending on how fast he confessed the crime to the owner.
I remember once telling one of my co farmer of my intention since they are picking my things which prompt the confession.
” I have only been taking the pepper we will eat from your farm”
Ohhhj. Shooooooo.
Without my permission…
No problem I said. 

But off course there is problem. Big one at that self.
I wouldn’t have known they have been harvesting my pepper if I had not warned of the intending security
Okay ooooo.
And now I am left with no one to weed my farm because the labourers stop coming to work with the excuse someone has been stealing my chickens and they don’t want to be whatever that I don’t know.
The power of African Magic
The fear is that since they have been picking it, the security will affects them.
So today was about everyone becoming the labourer to clear weed.
And yet the moment I get out of the farm, my phone starts ringing
grin grin grin grin..
*  Hello from here and the other side
“I have just secured 10 hectares of land”

10 hectares?

 Thinking how will he manage it?
I want to plant tomatoes, cucumbers, capsicum etc
Okayyy
How can you help me?
*  Hello …   Another…..

Can you assist with farm labourers?
The ones I have are not doing fine…..
I need someone that is hardworking etc
*  Hello……  Hmnnnn
I need a farm manager. 

I have secured a greenhouse.
Do you have an agronomist?
*  Hello. .. Huuuuuuunnnn

I want to set up a cashew processing factory.

What and what do I need to do that?
Can you partner?
* Hello……

How much will it cost me to set up an acre of tomatoes?

Which market will I sell?

How much will I make
* Hello…

I am thinking of so so and so

Will you come and manage my farm.
I will pay you handsomely.
Hmnnnnn
How I wish I can help everyone. 

Still struggling to help myself

But sincerely its not an easy task to do.
You can still be messed up on the farm with all the available funds.
Keep in mind you have the the following to contend with

A. People

B. Product

C. Process
The most difficult of it all is the people. 

They could make or mar your business.
The Nigerian system actually lack People

Its a very big challenge
You can hardly run a successively business without the right people.
I am always grateful for network not too good on the farm so I have some saving grace till I get back to the village.
So many things to be done at a time.

No wonder the time looks so short

Exporting Ginger To Europe

Europe is an interesting market for exporters of dried ginger. 

Product description

Ginger is the irregular-shaped root (rhizome) of the ginger plant (Zingiber officinale), which is cultivated in the tropics.

 The main producing countries are China, India, Nigeria and Peru.

Ginger is mainly used in.

* Oriental and Indian cooking

* Bakery and confectionery products

* Liqueurs

What makes Europe an interesting market for dried ginger?

As a result of the decrease of global ginger supplies at the beginning of 2015, demand far exceeded global supply. 

As several companies purchased large volumes of ginger, this led to shortages on the Chinese market and increased prices.

Since ginger cannot be produced in Europe.They have to rely and source from outside country

Buyers are increasingly willing to invest in long-term relationships or collaborations with their suppliers to ensure sufficient supplies:

  • The Netherlands is the largest importer and trader of ginger in Europe. 
  • Its imports increased significantly by 16% annually in volume between 2011 and 2015. In 2015, 97% of Dutch imports were sourced directly in developing countries. 
  • The country has a high but relatively unstable per capita consumption. This instability could be caused by the country’s important role as a trade hub for intra-European trade, since the consumption is calculated as imports minus exports. 
  • While the consumption is not expected to be that instable, the re-exports of ginger varied significantly during the last years and may have influenced the apparent consumption.
  • Since the United Kingdom sources 94% of its ginger from developing countries, it is an interesting export market for your products.
  •  The country is also the second-largest importer of ginger in Europe, which could be caused by the relatively large population of Asian descent.
  •  Its consumption per capita is significantly higher than the European average. 
  • This figure was stable between 2011 and 2015, with a small increase between 2014 and 2015.
  • Germany is the third-largest importer of ginger. 
  • Its total imports in volume have increased annually by 6.3% since 2011. German per capita consumption is slightly higher than the European average.
  • France is a large importer of ginger and its imports have been relatively stable over the last few years. 
  • The total French imports have grown by 9.0% in volume since 2011. In 2015, the imported volume reached 5 thousand tonnes.
  • Italy is an important trade hub for ginger. Since 2011, imports of ginger in Italy have increased significantly at an annual rate of 20%.
  • Denmark is a rapidly growing market for ginger. 
  • While its imports were only 2.5 thousand tonnes in 2015, they have increased by 28% annually in volume since 2011. 
  • Imports from developing countries increased by 23% in the same period.
  •  In 2015, 60% of Danish imports were sourced directly from developing countries.
  • Many other smaller importers have increasingly been importing ginger directly from developing countries over the last five years. 
  • Examples are Belgium (29% increase annually in imports from developing countries), Switzerland (55%) etc

Common fruits and vegetables in Nigeria

The major fruits produced in Nigeria include mango, pineapple, plantain/banana, citrus, guava, pawpaw, while vegetables include onion, tomato, okra, pepper, amaranthus, carrot, melon, Corchorus olitorus (ewedu), Hibiscus sabdariffa (sobo), Adansonia digtata (baobab leaves) etc. 

In Nigeria, enormous quantities of fruits and vegetables are produced and staggering figures are sometimes given as estimated annual production .

Fruits and vegetables play a very important role in the nutrition and health especially as they contain substances which regulate or stimulate digestion, act as laxatives or diuretics, pectins and phenoic compounds which play a part in regulating the pH of the intestines. 

Fruits and vegetables also contribute to the income of both the rural and urban dweller. 

The industrial potential of many fruits and vegetables available in Nigeria is enormous. 

What Nigerians need to do is embark on massive production of these fruits and vegetables not only for their high nutritive value but for enhancing the establishment of many processing industries. 

The development of their industrial uses will stimulate large scale production of the crops and enhanced diversification of entrepreneur to site processing plants in the rural areas.

 This will improve the quality of life of the rural population and reduce the rate of rural-urban migration.


 Fruits and vegetable production in Nigeria is a serious business because it provides a means of livelihood for some people and also play an important role in the improvement of the health of Nigerians

Know Your Farmland Dimension!

Differentiating a newbie from a practising  farmer is quite easy in agriculture because of some agricultural terms that are commonly interchanged.

To layman, 6 plots of land make an acre while 15 plots will give you an hectare…….

Off course a practising farmer knows its never like that.

The first question that comes to mind will be:
 ” What’s the exact dimension of a plot?” 

Plot sizes or measurements varies from location to location. Plot measurement in Lagos is quite different from what you will be given in Abeokuta which is just some distance away from Lagos.

In some places a plot is measured as 
100ft by 120ft. 

Some other area choose to calculate theirs as 100ft by 100ft.

I have even heard of places that plot of land is  considered to be 120ft by 60ft.

How then do you relate this to your farm land that is measured in acres and hectares?

Funny enough most people dont even know if this measurements are in foots, inches or meter.

All they know is that an hectare is 15 plots. And an acre is 6 plots.

For standard farm measurements, hectare is mostly used. 

It is the recommended standard all over the world. 

The measurement of an Hectare is :

100 x 100m which equals 10,000 meter squared

Therefore what ever you multiply to arrive at 10,000 meter squared

However, most rural farmers in Nigeria are used to calculating farm size with a measurement called an acre.

An acre is 100 x 40m which equals 4,000 meter squared.

An hectare is therefore 2.5 of an acre

4,000 + 4,000 + 2,000 gives 10,000

Acre + Acre + 0.5Acre = Hectare

That is in every Hectare, there are 2.5 acres of farm land.

From the above we can understand that converting to plots will therefore varies from place to place.

In Town A, an acre could be 6 plots while the same acre will be 8 plots in town B

Knowing the dimension of the farm in lengths and breath will enable a farmer has proper planning in term of the materials and the cost variables.

The quantity of seed and water required to grow the crops can be easily calculated. 

The amount of manure recommended for an acre or hectare etc are factors to be considered when starting the farm business

Knowing the exact farm measurents will guide the intending farmer against scruptulous personnel that might want to charge more than the expected fee per work.

I remembered once expending the requirements of 8 acres for a 2 acre farm because my farm manager said so.

Knowing the tape rule measurements is important but the crucial part is been able determine the physical measurement of the farm by mere sighting.

These and more are what the farmer is expected to learn as the farm progress.

Types of Agriculture water use

Irrigation vs. Rain-Fed Agriculture

There are two main ways that farmers and ranchers use agricultural water to cultivate crops:

  • Rain-fed farming
  • Irrigation

What is Rain fed farming?

Rain-fed farming is the natural application of water to the soil through direct rainfall. 

Relying on rainfall is less likely to result in contamination of food products but is open to water shortages when rainfall is reduced. 

On the other hand, artificial applications of water increase the risk of contamination.


What is Irrigation farming

Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil through various systems of tubes, pumps, and sprays. 

Irrigation is usually used in areas where rainfall is irregular or dry times or drought is expected. 

There are many types of irrigation systems, in which water is supplied to the entire field uniformly. 

Irrigation water can come from groundwater, through springs or wells, surface water, through rivers, lakes, or reservoirs, or even other sources, such as treated wastewater or desalinated water. 

As a result, it is critical that farmers protect their agricultural water source to minimize the potential for contamination.

 As with any groundwater removal, users of irrigation water need to be careful in not pumping groundwater out of an aquifer faster than it is being recharged.

Types of Irrigation Systems

There are many different types of irrigation systems, depending on how the water is distributed throughout the field. 

Some common types of irrigation systems include:

A. Surface irrigation

Water is distributed over and across land by gravity, no mechanical pump involved.

B. Localized irrigation

Water is distributed under low pressure, through a piped network and applied to each plant.

C. Drip irrigation

A type of localized irrigation in which drops of water are delivered at or near the root of plants. In this type of irrigation, evaporation and runoff are minimized.

D. Sprinkler irrigation

Water is distributed by overhead high-pressure sprinklers or guns from a central location in the field or from sprinklers on moving platforms.

E. Center pivot irrigation

Water is distributed by a system of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers in a circular pattern. This system is common in flat areas of the United States.

F. Lateral move irrigation

Water is distributed through a series of pipes, each with a wheel and a set of sprinklers, which are rotated either by hand or with a purpose-built mechanism. 

The sprinklers move a certain distance across the field and then need to have the water hose reconnected for the next distance. 

This system tends to be less expensive but requires more labor than others.

G. Sub-irrigation

Water is distributed across land by raising the water table, through a system of pumping stations, canals, gates, and ditches. This type of irrigation is most effective in areas with high water tables.

H. Manual irrigation

Water is distributed across land through manual labor and watering cans. This system is very labor intensive.

Increasing Unemployment Saga

Unemployment issues::::

Every where, every corner, you hear and see people looking for job, seeking for better employment. 

But the truth is most are not employable.
Yes I said it.
They lack the zeal.

The will to survive

The penchant to succeed
Being employed is beyond my Bsc or your Msc. 

Its the thing of the mind.

We keep blaming our educational system but I think moral upbringings has got a lot to do with it.
We lost the morals.

We lost the etiquettes

We lost the value
Most people have an unethical altitude to work. “After all its not my own”

I will do mine better.
But candidly, you will find it hard to do yours.

​The Cassava Story. Profitability And Loss Theory by jethro2

MARKET FOR CASSAVA.
Rewind to before cassava planting.
I with some of my cooperative members had registered to join the Nigerian Cassava Growers Association in Ogun State.

With the believe that joining an association will assist our mission in becoming a cassava farmer and having access to some benefit to might accrued.

 This is an association that claimed to:

A.  give loan to cassava farmer

B. Assist in locating cassava buyers at reasonable price

To be a full member, one is required to make payment of N9,000 to the group account at Union bank. 

N5,000 goes to the federal account while the remaining belongs to state as they claimed.
We were told there is a special Federal Government loan for cassava farmers. All you need do is show your farm.
I started attending meetings to get regular updates of the next step

During one of the meetings I met a representative of GIZ . 
(GIZ is the name of a German company that is suppose to lead cassava farmers to market)
Their representative said cassava processors are working below capacity and that there is no quantity of cassava produces that can meet the demands of this so called processors.
After the meeting, NCGA excos did not allow Mr Sunday ( GIZ rep) drop his contact no. 

They insist one needs to sell the cassava through the association.
Off course 80% of the NCGA member never have a farm not to talk of cassava farm.

It was during one of the meetings that we were briefed that the loans the NCGA Ogun promise is never coming out.
What?

Why?

To say i was surprise is an understatement. Some of us register because we were banking on using the funds to supplements the farm.

Off course the registration funds is non refundable. 
Reason for the loan not coming out we learnt the NCGA Ogun have a previous loan not refunded pending with the bank. 

So the bank withheld whatever that may be coming to them from the Federal Government until the previous loan is balanced.

 But they kept on deceiving people with loan promise and collecting more money from the unsuspecting public

To cut the long story short,  I discovered GIZ office in Abeokuta and got across to the person in charge of cassava. Not through NCGA though.
GIZ send a representative to our farm when we eventually planted. They promise to give us contacts of processors that will buy.
But as harvest approach, i keep calling and disturbing for the contacts but they were not forthcoming. We never get any market through them.
A group member also got another market  link through the internet which took us on another rat race to a village in Oyo State.
The owner said she will buy off whatever quantity we planted at N10,000 per tonne. 

Hmnnnn.

Imagine. The ridiculous price even before planting. I told my team member my mind.

Also the farm needs to be close to her factory for easy supply
I felt the price was too low. Why would i sell at N10,000 when i can get a better price at N18,000?.
So I thought…..
From all the internet readings and figures. Some even put it as high as N25,000 per tonne

But my partner felt we might possibly get some other priviledges from the madam since she is well connected to the who is who in agriculture

She gave us a link that could source land for us since we are suppose to have our farm close by
Our thought was if we plant the cassava we can sell to her.
The land that her contact propose was not too good for me. 

I told the guy I need a place I can visit whenever I want to not a farm that I will have to plan several weeks in advance because of its distance to civilisation.

And then the contact person statement was not just adding up in so many instances.

I brought that to my partners notice but he was banking on the fact that madam can not give us a fraudulent contact. She has a name to protect.
He forgot this is Naija.
Where anything goes.

Anything can happen

I opted out from the land but my partner went in for the cassava project with the contact.
Yes. He went banking on madam good will.

I never need a soothsayer to predict that the project will flop.

” How is your farm project? ” 

thats me asking the other of the partner one day on the phone.

That man messed up…

He said cow destroy the farm.

Whatttt?

20 hectares farm destroyed by cow?

All?

Nothing remained.

Story for some other time.

I will need permission to write on that.

Let’s Go Green

Green House Farming: Let’s Go Green.

I want a green house…..

I need a green house…

How much will it cost me to construct one.

How much is it?
Are the questions flying all around.

Yes.
Its good to have a greenhouse.

Its even easy constructing one…

And cheaper than expected.
Considering we can now source for materials locally.

But the big question is….

“Did you know how to manage a greenhouse?

“Can you maintain a greenhouse  successfully and profitably?

Constructing a green house won’t take time. Its as easy as ABC

Managing a green house need you to be an expert.
Going green require some work. 

You need to know the texture and structure of your soil 

You need to use the right amount of compost for the planting medium

The temperature of the greenhouse require proper control at the right time.

Pest and diseases control of the greenhouse need be at the barest minimum.

The right type of seed to be used need to be known . Using an open pollinated breed in a green house might not give you the desired result

Some dedication 

Some expertise.
Its not just constructing. 

Its getting it right.

Getting it right required you get the basics fact from some practising farmers. 

Survey several practising farmers farm. Load yourself with technical knowledge.

Learn from other peoples mistake.

Its cheaper to do so. Saves you cost and plenty time.

These and all is what I wish I had known by then. 

Would have been far gone

Word On Marble For Fellow Farmers

1. INVEST IN THE RIGHT PRODUCTS TIMELY
Invest in a good seed what will bring something tomorrow.

One animal you buy today will be a kraal of cows and bulls tomorrow.

Suspend your budget for cosmetics, wigs, designer shoes, designer clothes and buy yourself one cow….

It’s price today will  not be the same tomorrow.

This is called sacrifice.

Your vision and goal in life is to have a better life of meaning not a life of regret.

If we can all start thinking this way….our children will be a great asset to their generation.

2.CREATING WEALTH IS A GAME OF CHOICES

 Be mindful and remember you are growing and one day you may not have what you are wasting today.

This must be a daily check up by that aspiring farmer.

Your crop may need spraying today…do it.

Dont go to watch your great football team.

Even if someone special was visiting you that day NEVER suspend the works.

Farming is like trading in stock exchange…shares fall and rise.

Even if you fall you never stop trading.

Keep doing it.

My investment everyday is in Mentoring and Coaching the next millionaires in farming.

3. ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE

Knowledge they say is power.

There is no substitute to creating wealth in any life apart from having proper knowledge in what one does.

Your authority is tied to what you know in that subject.
4. BE POSITIVE AND KEEP GOING

Create life from a bush.

Originality and Creation are tied to a positive mindset.

Never listen to mediocre minds that cannot add value to your life of tomorrow.

You only have one life and never waste it on doing nothing.

We are all called to leave foot prints on this planet but the environment in which we are sometimes maybe completely outside our zone 

Finally someone said,

“You have not failed until your heart fails.”