Marketing Your Farm Produce

Farmers has always have the challenge of marketing. 

Most often plant at the same time because they are rain dependent.
Harvesting all at the same time therefore leads to glut in the market. 

And often immediately after the gluts there will be scarcity .

One would expect that farmers should have been smart enough to involve 

calculations in their planting programme.

What’s the essence of planting crops to sell at shortage? 

Why actually are you in the farm?
 Smart farmers should organise themselves into groups. 

Schedule their planting and marketing so the crops don’t come out at the same time.
Currently tomato is plenty in the market because the Northerners usually plant in bulk at this period.
Its been the trend every year.

The gluts period
Yet same thing with still repeat itself next year
Be wise

Plant your farming

Do your calculation


Growing Onion From The Nursery 

In this picture is an onion nursery bed

Onion matured between 3 – 4 months.
Starting onion from seeds require one to prepare a nursery bed.
The nursery is started by mixing manure with ashes with sawdust plus soil in the right proportion.
The onion starts germinating by the next 5 days.
Its advisable to use insects protective nets so that the seedlings will not be destroy by pests.

The nursery beds must be very loss and free of stones and debris
Onions are transplanted at 4 weeks or more to the permanent bed.
Spring onion mature in the next one months after transplanting. Bulb onions take longer months and days.
Weed must be taken care off so they don’t take over the whole nursery bed.
The most difficult aspect of growing onions is the weed management.
Care must be taken so the onions are not uprooted on the process.
Farming is worth the experience.

Its every day learning process

Cassava Processing Factory That Buys Fresh Cassava

Green Tech is in Agbara Estate Ogun State

 Thai farm is located in Ososa Ogun State.

 Psaltry is in Ado Awaye close to maya in Oyo State.

 Dadtco has a mobile processing units that they move around to locations. 

There is EKHA Agro, i think in Lagos. 

Matna is in Akure.

 There are some breweries in Sango Otta that makes use of cassava. 

Visit the company, they will request for sample to determine the starch contents.

 A visit to GIZ office in Ibara Abeokuta will give you a comprehensive details of cassava buyers

How To Grow Potato Profitably

Potatoes, the worlds 4th most popular food crop, after maize, wheat, and rice, is a widely consumed meal in every country. 

This highly nutritional crop belongs to the kingdom Plantae, the genus Solanum and is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum Tuberosum.

The explosive demand for their supply is largely triggered not just by their tasty nature, but by the highly nutritious value they contain.

 Depending on whether it is the sweet potato or the irish potato, a medium-sized potato gives an extremely low 110 calories, contains zero amounts of cholesterol, fat, sodium, and are rich in Vitamin C, Potassium, iron, Vitamin B6, and fibre.
What Is Potato Farming About?
Potato farming is the commercial cultivation of potato crops for food and several other purposes.

 These crops are planted and then harvested between 13 to 20 weeks after planting

Setting Up Your Potato Farm
1). Choose An Appropriate Site: 

Growing potatoes in an open area with full access to sunlight is the best way to go about the cultivation. 

The site could slope slightly, be protected from the wind, and be facing southward. 

A good source of water must also be located close to the farm to facilitate better irrigation whenever it is required.

The soil should be well drained, deep enough, and loose with a P.H of 5.5 to 6.5, for optimum results. 

Although potatoes can grow on a wide variety of soil types, even though partially acidic soils are the best, it is always important that you carry out soil tests to determine the crops fertilizer and lime requirements.

Choosing a farmland where no crop has been grown on for a consecutive period of 2 years is important to reduce the risk of diseases. 

The disease free state can also be maintained by ensuring constant crop rotation. 

This prevents nematodes like the eelworm, which can live for up to 20 to 30 years, from infesting your farmland.
2). Acquire The Right Machinery: 

For a successful yield, it is important to have:  a tractor, irrigation equipment, fertilizer applicators, spraying equipment, cultivation equipment, tipping device, forklift, diggers/harvesters, graders, bag sewing machines, scales, and bins.

While these machineries may seem directed towards high-income farmers, small scale farmers can still use traditional methods to carry the potato cultivation process.
3). Prepare The Soil: 

Before planting your potatoes, it is critical that you prepare the soil far ahead, so it would have settled properly before the planting season. 

This preparation process could involve applying fertilizer and organic matter to the soil, and removing large stones and weed.

You should then prepare dry seed beds so as to prevent crop damage and compaction.

 Not paying attention to this results in a very low crop yield.
4). Choose The Potato Variety To Plant: 

This phase is highly important because, it is critical you grow potatoes that your market wants.

 In making this decision, some factors to lookout for when selecting a potato variety to plant are:

1)Disease resistance



4)Storage lifespan

5)Food quality
5). Follow Up Some Important Factors: 
Here, you have to properly manage your potato farm based on some critical checklists.

 Some of them to watch include:
Timing: Potatoes should be planted in dry soil with a temperature of preferably 7°C.

Planting Depth: The depth should be between 12 to 15 cm below the surface, and between 4 to 5 cm above the furrow base in order to protect seeds against wet weather conditions. 

The type of potato and its seed is also a major determinant to the depth of the soil.

Seeding Rate: The size of the potato tubers and the cost management is highly important for an optimal seed rate.

Drip Irrigation: This is one of the best irrigation methods in potato farming, because it manages the moisture content well, and so, can be used in applying nutrients in precise amounts.

6). Fertilizer Application:
Substantial quantities of Phosphates, Nitrogen, and Potassium, must be applied to improve the tuber size, crop yield, and quality.

7). Controlling Pests And Diseases: 
Youd have to introduce strict practices that eliminate weed to improve the water level of your soil, eradicate pests like the eelworm, slugs, wireworms and aphids, and youd need to contain diseases like the blackleg and bacterial soft rot, potato blight, rhizoctonia, common and powdery scab, black scurf, and several others.

Controlling all these potato crop threats with strict practices is a very important step to follow. 
8). Harvesting Your Potatoes: 
The right time to harvest your potatoes is highly dependent on the weather conditions, the growth season, and the desired tuber size. 

In the process of harvesting these potatoes, ensure there is minimal damage to the tubers before storage.

You will start off the harvest process by desiccation of the foliage. This is critical when the crop is going to be stored for a period of time.

 If the crops will be sold immediately, desiccation (burning off) is not a compulsory step to take.

After applying a desiccant, youd need to wait for an average of 2 to 3 weeks before you can start or continue harvesting the potatoes.

 During this wait-period, the skin of the tubers will mature, and so increases its chances of surviving rot, due to damage or diseases at harvest and storage.
9). Storage: 

The potatoes should be properly stored within the first 14 days of harvest to enable cuts on the potatoes to heal properly.

 For large quantities of potatoes, they should be stored in plastic containers rather than wooden containers, since the plastic storage facilities are a lot easier to clean.

While there are several agribusinesses that have high potentials for great yield and profitability, potato farming is a great one to venture into, if executed at the right scale.

Harvesting Some Little Carrots

And he got some carrot.

Though not much.

One of the participant sow this some months back.

Several if it did not germinate so we never really bother much.
But weeding some part of the farm today, we came across this.
And I was told its sweet by the ones who ate it.
After this we have severally grown carrots that refuse to germinate.
But like you know, my team don’t relent.
We have put another one into the soil from another brand and it has sprouted out.
Can’t wait to have enough carrots all season round

Agriculture, Farming And Agribusiness

A).  Agriculture is the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life
B) Farming is growing crops or keeping animals by people for food and raw materials.
 Farming is a part of agriculture.
C) Agribusiness is the business of agricultural production. 
 It includes agrichemicals, breeding, crop production (farming and contract farming), distribution, farm machinery, processing, and seed supply, as well as marketing and retail sales. 
All agents of the food and fiber value chain and those institutions that influence it are part of the agribusiness system.

Within the agriculture industry, “agribusiness” is used simply as a portmanteau of agriculture and business, referring to the range of activities and disciplines encompassed by modern food production. 
Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization.

Natural Way Of Fighting Army Worm

Planning to grow maize this year?

Please prepare your prevention/protection against army warm invasion.
Ever since the dry season planting, we have been growing maize as a combination crop.
And each time army worm has always attack.
As usual we are always prepared for it.
So recently I was chatting with a cousin of mine who happens to be a farmer too in another state.
“How are you guys coping with army worm?

I asked
” We use sand” he replied
I was at a farmers meeting where farmers were sharing their experience on combating army worm.
The farmer sprayed sand on the farm.

During the hot sun, the sand get heated up and burn the army worm to death.

I asked
What if you have large farm?
Yes ooo

The same thing you will still spread.
So recently army worm surface again on our farm.
And we choose to use the sand method.

Guess what…
It works

Army worms got burnt in the maize hole.
Don’t forget to thank me later if you eventually use it on your farm.
Information is power

Maize Shelling And Selling

The maize shelling season.
Every rainy season, specifically by the month of April , May, June and July farmer are seen running helter skelter to catch one tractor or the  other to work on their farm
The maize matured in 2-3 months. But the corn is left on the stalk to be dried by the sun.
Hence the harvesting will not commence until October.
Some of the maize in the process develop moulds and fungi sometimes referred to as aflatoxin.
A smart agribusiness person would have seen an opportunity to source/buy/fabricate a dryer that could dry fresh maize.
The dryer will enable the farmer harvest exactly at 3 months and re use the soil for planting again before the end of the year.
Do you know how many farmers will gladly pay for this service?

Massive opportunity exist in agribusiness.

From The Days Before

As an undergraduate in Minna back then, I set up a WAEC GCE class for students at a place called Tundun Fulani in Minna.
Starting up, I went in search of the headmaster in charge of Tudun Fulani primary school to ask for permission in using the classrooms.
He willingly grant it to me free of charge…
And then I need to search for student..
It was the days of cyber cafe. 
I got some A4 papers with bold inscription ..
Pass WAEC/ GCE at one sitting

English, Maths, etc
And then I start moving from house to house in search of student.
I move from one corner to another sharing papers and placing my posters with my No’s
I was informing everyone I met on the road as I do my campaign.
Don’t forget I don’t speak Hausa nor Gwari nor Nupe which are the languages within the vicinity.
But to my greatest surprise, student came to resume at the lesson on the stipulated day.
And then it dawned on me that I am the only teacher..
Banking on the fact that I did sciences in my O level, A level and studying Geology at FUTMinna
But unfortunately for me majority of my student are commercial student and art  student..
So I got some government textbooks.

I started reading so I could teach my student

While in the process searching for a government teacher
Undeterred, I approached a neighbour of mine whom I will call A. Also a student
He was to assist with government and some other subject for the student.
Being who I am. I hand over all the process to him and told him we could share the proceeds equally
As of the same time I was on my Industrial Attachment at Upper Niger River Basin. So once in a while I go with the rig for some water borehole drilling with the crew
Just one day, I notice the name on the school prints out were getting changed.
I ask my partner what happened..

He said he owns the school.
Boldly and confidently.
My partner speaks Hausa fluently.

He grew up in the North.
Though a Yoruba boy
I went to class the next day.
And he sent me out of the class..

He actually ordered me to get out.
In the presence of the student.
And then the student ask for what happened.

So he was forced to give me minutes to explain myself.
At the end if which I told the student I will be leaving the school for him but I will be setting up another one
The student all followed me out of that classroom that day.
So we got him out.
I was forced to look for teachers that I will pay on per hour basis.
That idea I got whenever I am in Lagos for holiday.

I hardly stay home during holiday. I am either working at one school or the other.
I was on N80/hour job. 

Sometimes N70/hour
So I started the same system.
Another neighbour of mine turned teacher again collected some lesson fees and pocket it.
He marked so many hours of work for himself to justify that.
Though I eventually got some other good people and friends that put in some hours for free.
It was so unfortunate that neither of my two dubious neighbours graduated from the school.
The first was rusticated base on bad behaviour while another failed his prelim exam.
I am glad to later meet some of my student on Facebook again.
They became my great support while in Minna then. Despite not been the same tribe. They were great motivation to me.
Bad behaviours is irrespective of tribe.

Its whatever is inbuilt.
The recent episode is another building block for me.

I am undeterred.

I am a survivor

#Cost of #starting an #acre of #vegetable #farm #profitably in #Nigeria

#Cost of #starting an #acre of #vegetable #farm #profitably in #Nigeria
#Crops that can be found in the vegetable group are #tomatoes, #pepper of various varieties #sweetpepper #hotpepper #chillipepper #cucumber #radish #cauliflower #broccoli #okro #ewedu #spinach #eggplant #Gardenegg #moringa #watermelon etc

An average #Nigerian_farmer or intending farmer always target either tomatoes, pepper, cucumber and watermelon being the one that always have some astronomical #price at some specific time of the year.
The first thing to consider when planning is the location of the land and access to water.
Vegetables are all year crop that can’t afford to wait for rainy or dry season.
The moment you made up your mind to do vegetables, access to everyday water is non negotiable. Its a must
Is the farm land in the North, South, West or Eastern region of the country?
The location of the farm land has a great influence on the cost of production..
Eg A #Northern_tomato_farmer will easily lease an #acre under #pivot_irrigation from the government.
#Artificial_dams are scattered all around where farmers can easily access them at some affordable cost.
The Northerners knowing fully well that they only have little amounts of rain water per annum have been fully prepared by investing in artificial dams to store the little water they might have in the rainy season.
Every farmer only need to pay the minimal land and water cost to be able to produce vegetables in quantity
A south_west tomato farmers will be very lucky to have access to the few #irrigation facility which are highly politicised by the governments in that terrain
The #Ogun_Osun_River_Basin_Development Authority land in some area are thug of war to access.
And that is when the management staff did not turn you to their cash cow
So for those that choose to set up farms without depending on the government facilities in the South West, the struggle then begins
Accessing land is not easy..

An acre of land in Ogun State and its environments possibly start from N300,000 if not more
Some other interior villages cost less to acquire.
Let’s not talk about accessing water.

The option comes to borehole drilling or lucky ones which have land close to water
I don’t have any information as regards the South and the East agricultural system of water and land supply..
In the North, land clearing is not part of what to consider when starting a farm. Majority of the land has been cleared by the government.
In the South West, especially where we have thick forest, clearings an acre of land will cost a fortune.
Yes some big fund 
Renting a bulldozer per day cost nothing less than N50,000. 
You still have to fuel and tip the operator if you want him to clear an acre or more per day.
The payloader has to move the bulldozer to the farm at N50,000 and above.
Its therefore cost effective to use that method when clearing more than 10 acre of land at a time.
The rural farmers however have their own method of gradually opening up new farmlands overtime.
From the write up, one can easily deduce that starting from land buying, leasing and clearing, the cost of starting a farm differ from location to location.
Most times during our training class we do what we call cost analysis. 
We do select 3 different location based on the participants area and we discuss with participants suggesting how much so and so will cost in their area into details what it takes to start a farm in those chosen locations
This write up only discuss land and some little aspect of water, can you then imagine what the disparity will be when we delve into some other aspects
Thinking if farming?

Get in depth experience

Spend money

Spend time

To acquire the experience
It will save you some millions
Yinka Adesola

An organic farmer