Also known as coronary heart disease, or coronary artery disease, is the narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle.
The blood vessels narrow and harden due to a build-up of fatty plaques, which deposit on the vessel walls.
When the blood vessels become too narrow for blood to pass through, this interrupts the blood supply to the heart, which can lead to a heart attack.
Ischemic heart disease is the biggest killer in high-income countries.
There is much that can be done to prevent ischemic heart disease, including the following:
* Quit smoking.
* Eat a healthy diet.
Aim for a low-fat.
High-fibre diet that includes fruit and vegetables.
* Avoid foods high in saturated fat.
* Avoid too much sugar.
This may lead to the development of diabetes, which increases the risk of developing ischemic heart disease.
* Take part in regular exercise.
Aim for 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise in most days of the week.
* Drink alcohol within the recommended guideline limits.
* Control your blood pressure.
If you have high blood pressure, you are at increased risk of developing ischemic heart disease therefore it is important to control your blood pressure with diet, exercise, and medication where necessary.